May 2016

WaterCaRD -Water Capacity Rating Diagnostic


Water quality testing is critical for guiding water safety management and ensuring public health. In many settings, however, water suppliers and surveillance agencies do not meet regulatory requirements for testing frequencies. Most efforts to strengthen local monitoring address only one or a few elements of complex systems: for example, technology development, laboratory upgrading, personnel training, novel ICT applications, or regulatory reform.

To establish a more holistic capacity-building approach, Aquaya initiated the Monitoring for Safe Water (MfSW) program in 2012 with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Our partners include WHO, the International Water Association (IWA), and the African Water Association (AfWA).

Through MfSW we developed and tested incentives for better monitoring performance and produced the Water Capacity Rating Diagnostic (WaterCaRD). WaterCaRD was designed to evaluate five key identified constraint categories (Box 1).

Assessment Tools for WaterCaRD

Guidance Manual


Observation Checklist

WaterCaRD Tool score

Peerreviewed Publication 

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