July 2019

Sanitation Policies, Practices and Preferences in Malindi, Kenya


  • Malindi does not have a sewerage network: therefore, all residents rely on onsite sanitation.
  • The majority of low-income residents use and prefer water-based sanitation options, such as pour- or cistern-flush toilets.
  • Most low-income areas have sandy soil, so pits are prone to collapsing.
  • When pits are full, residents commonly rely on informal manual emptiers.
  • There is no treatment of wastewater or fecal sludge in Malindi: fecal waste is deposited at a waste site managed by the local water utility, or directly into the environment.

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