Expanding Safe Fecal Sludge Management in Kisumu, Kenya – A Comparison Study of Latrine Pit-Emptying Services
- Promoting safe pit-emptying services in urban, low-income areas is
- required to achieve universal access to safely-managed sanitation.
- We compared the performance of three different groups in coordinating
- safe emptying services in the city of Kisumu, Kenya: the Association of Wastewater Managers, a formal manual emptying organization, and a community-based water supplier.
- The Association of Wastewater Managers performed the best at coordinating emptying services, as indicated by the number emptying jobs, financial viability, and customer satisfaction.
- Productive collaborations between VTOs and formal manual emptying organizations are a useful model for improving pro-poor service delivery.
- However, safe emptying services are often unaffordable, and will likely require subsidies and political action to service low-income areas.